Failure to comply can result in a citation, potential fines, and other disciplinary action against the facility.
Licensed healthcare professionals who fail to use appropriate infection control techniques may be charged with professional misconduct and disciplinary action.
Patients who are infected with VISA or VRSA should be in a single room; Contact Precautions and Standard Precautions are required; staff education is recommended; minimize the number of staff caring for the patient; and flag the chart to alert staff of the situation.
Enterococcus is a gram-positive bacterium that is normal flora of the gastrointestinal tract and female genital tract.
The purpose of this course is to prepare healthcare professionals to adhere to scientifically accepted principles and practices of infection control, understand modes and mechanisms of transmission, understand the use of engineering and work practice controls, select and use appropriate barrier protections, create and maintain a safe environment, and prevent and manage infectious and communicable diseases.
Healthcare professionals have an obligation to adhere to scientifically accepted standards for infection control to prevent disease transmission amongst patients or between patients and healthcare professionals.
Antibiotic-resistant organisms have become an increasingly serious problem, and some of the more common ones are discussed. Carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are resistant to treatment with the carbapenem family of antibiotics (Doripenem, ertapenem, imipenem, and meropenem), the antibiotics that have traditionally been used to treat pathogens that are resistant to broad-spectrum antimicrobials.
The CRE is spread through contact with infected surfaces (e.g., hands or contaminated medical equipment), and infections with CRE are particularly dangerous: they can spread rapidly, the mortality rate can exceed 40%, and antibiotics that are effective against multi-drug resistant gram-negative bacilli are still being developed.
All of the microorganisms that can cause disease are capable of developing resistance to antibiotics and other drugs that are used to treat infections caused by these pathogens.
The healthcare professional also has a responsibility to monitor the infection control practices of subordinates.
The state of New York takes these responsibilities very seriously.
It is a relatively weak pathogen, but it is capable of producing significant infections if the patient is infected with vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE), treatment options for these infections are limited.
People at risk for VRE infections include patients previously treated with vancomycin, patients in intensive care, patients who are immunocompromised, patients who have had abdominal or chest surgery, and patients with in-dwelling IV or urinary catheters.
Scientifically accepted infection control techniques include but are not limited to A chain of events is required for infection to occur.